Hier finden Sie in Kürze Berichte der Nationalen Plattform Zukunft der Mobilität.
Charging an electric vehicle is a new experience for users, which differs from refuelling a conventional car. In its paper “Customer-friendly charging – Focus on public charging infrastructure”, WG 5 outlines for the first time a set of common definitions and gives recommendations to market participants and industry organisations to make charging a pleasant experience for users. These recommendations for action refer to the five characteristics of customer-friendly charging: a) simple, b) widely available, c) transparent and d) secure. The additional, less central feature of “convenient charging” comes with further recommendations.
Bedarfsgerechte und wirtschaftliche öffentliche Ladeinfrastruktur – Plädoyer für ein Dynamisches NPM-Modell
With its report “Needs-based and economical public charging infrastructure”, WG 5 takes the initial concept for the identification of the charging infrastructure required for electromobility further, using various scenarios. The calculations take into account energy and output needs, efficiencies as well as the interaction between charging and output variations. In view of the call for a flexible approach in the “Charging Infrastructure Master Plan”, the model enables a dynamic expansion of the charging infrastructure.
The power grid needs to be adapted to account for an increased uptake of electromobility as well an increasing demand due to the charging requirements of electric vehicles. In its roadmap “Intelligent Load Management” WG 6 shows how grid overload can be prevented through management and power distribution, and which standards are necessary for a nationwide and universal implementation.
This progress report gives a comprehensive overview of the NPM’s work to date and looks at the topics of climate protection, digitalisation, electromobility, infrastructures, sector integration, hydrogen, norms and securing businesses and jobs in the context of current developments in the mobility sector. The work is based on the eleven interim reports and papers the NPM’s six working groups have so far produced.
The climate protection measures adopted by the Federal Government will speed up electrification in the mobility sector. WG 4 has been looking at how this will affect employment structures. Fewer employees will be needed in production and to some extent in development. At the same time, new occupational profiles will emerge and new qualifications be needed. If the mobility sector is to maintain its employment levels, it needs to train and upskill its workforce for these new requirements.
Autonomous driving is an important component of future-proof mobility. WG 3 sets out the actions needed in order for automated and connected driving to be introduced in a successful and timely manner and to become part of a multi- and intermodal mobility system. Four key areas of action were identified which require results-oriented and concerted co-operation of industry, politics, civil society as well as federal, regional and local authorities, if an effective implementation by 2025 and 2030 is to be achieved.
Emissions from transport can be reduced by using sustainable sources of energy. New forms of mobility enable new business models. As a result of reduced and optimised traffic, urban and rural housing and living spaces can be redesigned and improved for the needs of the elderly. All of this requires a technical framework. For its White Paper, WG 6 identified six strategic topics within the broader area of the future of mobility which were outlined in the context of standardisation, certification and type approval: trends in mobility, operating energy, power grid, connectivity, data and life cycle.
Elektromobilität. Brennstoffzelle. Alternative Kraftstoffe – Einsatzmöglichkeiten aus technologischer Sicht
Various modes of transport carrying people and delivering goods cover miles upon miles every day. Enormous expectations have been placed on flexible and highly effective vehicles. The overriding aim for the future is to reduce emissions as much as possible. A balanced set of categories was identified to be able to compare the three distinct options of electrical drives, fuel cell vehicles and alternative fuels from a technical point of view. Technically speaking, all three options have the potential to reduce CO2 emissions from transport, but they differ substantially in terms of their current stage of development and market rollout.
According to projections on the take-up of electromobility, market shares of conventional drives are expected to make way for hybrid and electric drives, even more so against the backdrop of national climate protection targets and increasingly stringent CO2 rules at EU level. As a result of these developments, key components in vehicle production and adjacent industries are shifted into different, sometimes new value networks. In its report, WG 4 is looking at three value networks: lithium-ion battery cells, power electronics and internal combustion engines.
Compared to Diesel, LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) and CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) have the potential to reduce CO2 by about 22 percent. With natural gas, sulphur and nitrogen oxide emissions can be reduced to almost zero, particulate matter by about 95 percent and noise by about 50 percent. LNG and CNG are currently the only immediately available and competitive alternatives to Diesel in heavy goods vehicles. An increase in vehicle demand is key for an expansion of the filling station infrastructure because a speedy market penetration supports its economical operation.
Power-to-X-technologies in transport really come into their own when long ranges or heavy loads are required. Apart from long-distance rail and road transport, shipping and aviation could be potential markets. PtX technologies can make a significant contribution towards climate protection. In order for this to happen, one of the key elements is to successfully establish electrolysis for the production of green hydrogen. Investment in the development of electrolysis plants and notably current electricity generation costs are barriers which need to be overcome if the hydrogen generated in this way is to be competitive.
Digitalisation of the mobility sector is a huge challenge for Germany. Its promising potential can only be unlocked if politics, industry and society invest in this visionary task together. In its interim report, WG 3 looks at topics such as multi- and intermodal mobility as well as autonomous mobility. Both aspects are supported by major technological requirements, such as an ecosystem for mobility data, infrastructure prerequisites in the mobile network and a secure design of new mobility concepts.
In its interim report, WG 1 developed routes towards achieving the climate targets 2030 in the transport sector. Six key areas of action were identified. A systematic estimation of the respective potentials for reducing CO2 and a calculation of target scenarios has shown that the target of reducing emissions from transport by 2030 by 52 to 55 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent is achievable in principle. It is essential to bolster the respective target ranges applicable to the areas of action with instruments and framework conditions which need to be viewed in a combined and coordinated manner.
In its “Red flag report 10% electric vehicle registration”, WG 5 seeks to answer the question of action required in technical, organisational and regulatory terms, in order to be prepared for a situation in which 10% of newly registered vehicles are electric in the near future. Even a dynamic increase in electric vehicles was found not to lead to shortages in the generation of renewable forms of energy. In cases of concentrated increases in major conurbations, local bottlenecks in the electrical grid are possible which need to be looked at on a case-by-case basis and resolved through intelligent load management. Responses are needed in both the public and the private charging infrastructure.
In its paper „Sofortpaket Ladeinfrastruktur 2019“, experts of WG 5 check which barriers need to be dismantled in order to speed up the expansion of the charging infrastructure, to be able to charge at home, at work or at public charging stations, should there be an increase in the number of electric vehicle registrations. Recommendations are made in particular with regard to amendments to tenancy and property ownership legislation, a support programme for private charging infrastructure as well as an improved overall availability and simplification of the approval process for public infrastructure.